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Folklore Heritage No. 1: Stele forByeon Jong-in1

Folklore Heritage No. 1: Stele forByeon Jong-in2

Folklore Heritage No. 1: Stele forByeon Jong-in

Location : San 63-9, Gogang-dong, Bucheon-si

Period : Early Joseon

Gongjanggong Byeon Jong-in (1433-1500), a military officer in the early Joseon Dynasty, was born in Heugyang-ri, Bupyeong (Haojeong-myeon, Bupyeong-gun in Joseon Dynasty and present-day Gogang-dong).According to the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, Byeon Jong-in’s pen name, “Gongjang”, consists of “gong”, which means to courteously serve the king, and “jang”, which means to defeat the enemy and possess a strong will.Stele is a type of a tombstone that reflects the lifetime achievements of the deceased who had retained a government position higher than 2-pum and received a pen name of either "gun" or "gong". Typically, it is installed at the southeastern side of a tomb or the entrance of a tomb facing towards the south.

 

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon1

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon2

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon

Designation Date : February 5, 1998 (Re-designated on May 13, 2013)

Location : San 3-23, Gyesu-dong, Bucheon-si

Period : Early Joseon

Han Eon (1448-1492), son of Han Myeong-jin and nephew of Han Myeong-hoe, who was a prime minister during the Joseon Dynasty, was a government official in the early Joseon Period who lived in today's Gyesu-dong region.Born and raised with remarkable aptitude, Han Eon won the top place in a government official examination at the age of 22 and even as he rose to a high-ranking position, he never failed to stay humble for which many people praised him.This stele is unique in that it adapted the Chinese style considering the size and form of the stone, which is assumed to have been brought from China along with the corpse of Han Eon who went to the Ming Dynasty as an ambassador of Joseon and died there.This stele for Han Eon is recognized as Local Relic No. 2 and is located in Gyesu-dong.

 

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon1

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon2

Folklore Heritage No. 3: Stele for Han Jun and His Tomb

Designation Date : February 5, 1998 (Re-designated on May 13, 2013)

Location : San 3-22,Gyesu-dong, Bucheon-si

Period : Middle Joseon

A government official of the mid-Joseon Dynasty, Han Jun (1542-1601) began his career as a public official at the age of 24 and was regarded highly by Joseon citizens and barbarians alike for conducting clean, uncorrupted politics.Historical records reveal insights into Han Jun's character. They state, "Despite years of pain due to an illness, Han Jun had no interest in money or fame, so his funeral was rather nondescript with items provided by the country."Located in Gyesu-dong, this Stele for Han Jun is under protection as Local Relic No. 3.

 

Folklore Heritage No. 2: Grave and Grave Marker of Han Eon1

Folklore Heritage No. 4: Tomb of Yi Han-gyu

Designation Date : May 27, 2004

Location : San 55, Yeowol-dong, Bucheon-si

Period : Middle Joseon

Yi Han-gyu (1662-1729) lived during the mid-Joseon Dynasty and retained various government positions including Jeong 2-pum Dochonggwan, Jijung Chubusa, Changseong Bangeosa, Chungcheong Sugun Jeoldosa and Gyeongsang Ubyeongma Jeoldosa. His tomb was first established in Yangju in 1729 (5th year of King Yeongjo’s reign) and then relocated 14 years later (1743, 19th year of Yeongjo’s reign) to today’s Yeowol-dong, Bucheon. Designated as Local Relic No. 4, the Tomb of Yi Han-gyu features a number of stone figures in front of his tomb including tombstone, sangseok, honyuseok, stone lanterns and stone posts.

 

Folklore Heritage No. 5: Bucheon Nonggi Godumari Festival

Folklore Heritage No. 5: Bucheon Nonggi Godumari Festival

Folklore Heritage No. 5: Bucheon Nonggi Godumari Festival

Designation Date : February 1, 2016

Location : 36, Buheung-ro402-beon-gil, Bucheon-si (Simgok-dong)

Period : Bucheon Nonggi Godumari Preservation Society

Held on every August 15th in Jung-dong and Sang-dong region, Nonggi Godumari is a folk custom passed down from ancient times in which two villages compete in a Nonggi knockdown match in the spirit of harmony and unity of neighbors and excitement that can help ease the physical and mental fatigue from farming. Nonggi Godumari typically began after weeding finishes in June and, during the first and second weeding sessions, Nonggi, or farming tools, were stuck in rice paddies while nongak musicians played their instruments and arouse excitement from which farmers merrily continued their work.